NGN/USD : Naira Tumbles to Record Low, FX Shortage Worsens: What Nigerians Need to Know

Naira Tumbles to Record Low, FX Shortage Worsens

The naira has fallen to a new record low on the black market, as the shortage of foreign currency worsens.

The naira fell to 980 to the US dollar on the black market on Wednesday, September 20, 2023. This is a significant decline from its official exchange rate of 773.50 naira to the dollar.

The naira has been weakening for some time now, due to a number of factors, including:

  • Speculative demand: Individuals are turning to the dollar as a store of value, as they lose faith in the naira.
  • Excess demand: Demand for dollars is high, while supply is limited. This is due to Nigeria’s reliance on imported goods and services.
  • Official market liquidity: The official market is unable to support the high demand for dollars. This is due to a number of factors, including restrictions on trading the currency.

The shortage of foreign currency has also been exacerbated by the recent decline in oil prices. Nigeria is an oil-dependent economy, and the decline in oil prices has led to a decrease in government revenue and foreign exchange reserves.

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Impact:

The weakening of the naira and the shortage of foreign currency have a number of negative consequences for the Nigerian economy. These include:

  • Higher inflation: The naira’s depreciation makes imports more expensive, which drives up inflation.
  • Slower economic growth: The shortage of foreign currency makes it difficult for businesses to operate and invest. This leads to slower economic growth.
  • Increased unemployment: The slowdown in economic growth leads to job losses and increased unemployment.

What’s next?

It is unclear what will happen to the naira in the short term. However, the government and the central bank need to take steps to address the shortage of foreign currency and stabilize the currency.

What can Nigerians do?

There are a number of things that Nigerians can do to protect themselves from the weakening naira and the shortage of foreign currency. These include:

  • Diversifying their savings: Nigerians should not keep all of their savings in naira. They should consider diversifying into other currencies, such as the US dollar.
  • Investing in assets: Nigerians should invest in assets that are likely to hold their value, such as real estate or gold.
  • Reducing their reliance on imports: Nigerians should try to reduce their reliance on imported goods and services. This will help to reduce the demand for dollars and support the naira.
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The Impact of the Naira’s Weakening and FX Shortage on the Nigerian Economy

  • Higher inflation: The naira’s depreciation makes imports more expensive, which drives up inflation. This is a major concern for Nigerians, as it erodes their purchasing power and makes it difficult to afford basic necessities.
  • Slower economic growth: The shortage of foreign currency makes it difficult for businesses to operate and invest. This leads to slower economic growth, which means fewer jobs and opportunities for Nigerians.
  • Increased unemployment: The slowdown in economic growth leads to job losses and increased unemployment. This is a major problem for Nigeria, which already has a high unemployment rate.
  • Reduced government revenue: The naira’s depreciation reduces the value of the government’s tax revenue. This makes it difficult for the government to provide essential services and infrastructure.
  • Increased poverty: The weakening of the naira and the shortage of foreign currency lead to an increase in poverty. This is because more Nigerians are unable to afford basic necessities.

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Resources:

Resources to Learn More about the Naira and FX Shortage
There are number of resources where Nigerians can learn more about the naira and FX shortage. These resources include:

  • The Central Bank of Nigeria website
  • The Nigerian Economic